In the world of photography and videography, precision and clarity are the name of the game. Whether you’re a seasoned professional or a passionate enthusiast, having the right tools can make all the difference in capturing that perfect shot or recording a masterpiece. And at the heart of this quest for perfection lies the HDMI camera monitor—a vital accessory that can elevate your creative pursuits to new heights.
In this article, we embark on a journey through the realm of high-definition camera monitors, unveiling the top five contenders that stand out in the market. These monitors are more than just screens; they are windows to your visual aspirations, offering unparalleled image quality, intuitive features, and the ultimate immersive experience.
Join us as we explore the finest selections that promise to revolutionize the way you view and frame your shots. Whether you’re a filmmaker, vlogger, or a photography enthusiast, this guide will help you uncover the ideal HDMI camera monitor that complements your gear and artistic vision. So, without further ado, let’s dive into the world of crystal-clear displays and discover the best companions for your camera!
Table of Contents
Benefits of Using HDMI Camera Monitors
HDMI camera monitors offer a multitude of benefits to photographers and videographers alike. These benefits extend beyond mere visual enhancement, encompassing technical advantages that can significantly impact the quality of your work.
HDMI camera monitors offer a range of practical benefits that enhance the quality of your photography and videography. With larger, high-resolution screens, these monitors empower you to achieve precise focus and composition. Their pixel-dense displays provide unparalleled clarity, making them invaluable for capturing fine details and working in challenging lighting conditions.
These monitors are not just about visuals; they also excel in color accuracy and calibration. Many models support various color spaces, ensuring that the colors you see on the screen match your final output, whether for print or digital media. Real-time monitoring and playback capabilities allow you to review your work instantly, ensuring it aligns with your artistic vision.
For outdoor shooting, HDMI camera monitors shine, thanks to their anti-glare and high-brightness features. This ensures accurate framing even in bright sunlight. Additionally, these monitors offer expanded functionality with features like focus peaking, zebra stripes, and waveform displays, making them invaluable tools for professionals. Whether you’re a seasoned photographer or a dedicated enthusiast, integrating an HDMI camera monitor into your setup can elevate your creative capabilities and boost your confidence in producing exceptional work.
Factors to Consider Before Buying HDMI Camera Monitors
When selecting the ideal HDMI camera monitor, several crucial factors come into play, each contributing to the overall performance and usability of the device. Here, we delve into these factors with a technical perspective to guide you in making an informed decision:
- Display Resolution and Size
The display resolution and size are pivotal. Opt for a monitor with a high pixel density, preferably full HD (1920×1080) or 4K (3840×2160), as this ensures impeccable clarity and sharpness in your visuals. Additionally, consider the monitor’s physical size – larger screens, usually around 5 to 7 inches, provide a more detailed view of your composition and focus.
- Color Accuracy and Calibration
Color accuracy is paramount, especially for professionals. Look for a monitor that supports various color spaces like Rec. 709 and DCI-P3. This feature guarantees that the colors displayed on the monitor align precisely with the final output, ensuring your work meets industry standards.
- Brightness and Anti-Glare Features
The monitor’s brightness and anti-glare capabilities are crucial, particularly for outdoor shooting. Opt for a monitor with high nits (luminance) to ensure visibility in bright sunlight. Anti-glare coatings further enhance outdoor performance by reducing reflections and maintaining screen clarity.
- Connectivity Options
Consider the connectivity options available. HDMI and SDI inputs are common, offering versatility in connecting to different camera systems. Additionally, some monitors provide additional features like HDMI and SDI loop-through, enabling you to pass the signal to other devices.
- Advanced Monitoring Tools
Choose a monitor with advanced monitoring tools, such as focus peaking, zebra stripes, waveform displays, and vectorscope. These tools aid in achieving precise focus, exposure control, and color grading, which are essential for professional-level work.
- Power Options and Battery Life
Examine the power options and battery life of the monitor. Some models are powered by standard camera batteries, while others may have separate power sources. A longer battery life ensures uninterrupted shooting sessions.
- Durability and Build Quality
The build quality and durability of the monitor are vital, especially for fieldwork. Look for robust materials, sturdy housing, and reliable mounting options to ensure the monitor can withstand the rigors of your shooting environments.
- Price and Budget Considerations
Finally, consider your budget. HDMI camera monitors come in a range of price points. While it’s tempting to opt for the most feature-rich model, it’s essential to balance your requirements with your budget constraints to make the best choice for your specific needs.
By considering these technical factors, you can make an informed decision when choosing the perfect HDMI camera monitor to enhance your photography and videography endeavors.
5 Best HDMI Camera Monitors At A Glance
- Atomos Ninja V 4K HDMI Recording Monitor
- PortKeys LH5P II Camera Control Field Monitor
- Blackmagic Design Video Assist 5″ HDMI/HDR Recording Monitor
- ANDYCINE A6 Plus 4K HDMI Monitor
- Desview R7II Camera Field Monitor
Atomos Ninja V 4K HDMI Recording Monitor
Product Page: https://www.atomos.com/products/ninja-v
The Atomos Ninja V 5″ 4K HDMI Recording Monitor is a powerful on-camera monitor and recorder designed to meet the demands of professional videographers and filmmakers. It excels in recording and playing back up to DCI 4K resolution, offering a robust toolset for enhancing your workflow.
The Atomos Ninja V is a feature-rich recording monitor that offers exceptional recording capabilities and a highly visible display, making it a valuable addition to any filmmaker’s toolkit. Its ProRes RAW support, versatile compatibility, and durable design make it a top choice for professionals seeking high-quality recordings. However, users should consider additional power options for extended usage scenarios.
- High-Resolution Display: The Ninja V boasts a 1920 x 1080 touchscreen display, offering crisp visuals and responsive touch controls.
- 10-Bit Exterior Viewable Monitor: Its 10-bit screen ensures accurate color representation and provides a bright, daylight-viewable display with 1000 cd/m² brightness, making it usable even in direct sunlight.
- ProRes RAW Support: The Ninja V can record Apple ProRes RAW up to DCI 4K60 directly from the sensors of select cameras. This feature is a game-changer for those seeking the highest quality footage.
- Wide Compatibility: It’s compatible with a wide range of DSLR and mirrorless cameras, including models from ARRI, Canon, Sony, Nikon, and more, via HDMI or SDI sources.
- Expansion Modules: Optional expansion modules like Atomos CONNECT and AtomX CAST provide additional functionalities for live streaming and advanced production studio capabilities.
- Log Formats Support: The Ninja V supports various log formats from industry-leading camera manufacturers, allowing you to capture optimal dynamic range and bypass internal camera compression.
- AtomHDR Mode: It features AtomHDR technology with a 10-stop dynamic range, making it a valuable tool for accurate monitoring of log gamma footage.
- Battery Slot: Powered by a single Sony L-Series battery, the monitor offers flexibility in power options and ensures extended usage.
- The ProRes RAW support and 10-bit 4:2:2 ProRes & DNxHR encoding deliver top-notch recording quality.
- The 1000 cd/m² brightness makes it usable in various lighting conditions, even in direct sunlight, without the need for a hood.
- Compatible with a broad range of cameras, making it versatile for various shooting setups.
- The optional expansion modules provide enhanced functionality for live streaming and multi-input switching.
- The durable aluminum chassis ensures the Ninja V can withstand the rigors of production.
- While the single Sony L-Series battery slot is practical, having options for alternative power sources would be beneficial for extended shoots.
PortKeys LH5P II Camera Control Field Monitor
Product Page: https://www.portkeys.com/lh5p-ii/
The PORTKEYS LH5P II 5.5″ Touchscreen Monitor is a versatile addition to your camera rig, offering pro monitoring tools and control for select Sony cameras. With its impressive 2200 cd/m² brightness and the capability to handle up to DCI 4K24 or UHD 4K30 video via HDMI, this 5.5″ on-camera touchscreen display is designed to meet the needs of professionals. It’s compatible with Sony FS5, FS7, FX6, and FX9 cameras, making it a seamless extension of your camera setup.
The 5.5″ touchscreen monitor offers a range of versatile features for photographers and videographers. With integrated camera control functions, including iris, shutter, zoom, frame rate, and ISO adjustments via the built-in Bluetooth module and control cable, you can precisely manage your camera settings. Additionally, a customizable shortcut key (F) simplifies camera recording start/stop control, enhancing your shooting experience.
The monitor’s display functions are equally impressive, supporting 3D LUTs with custom LUTs via USB, real-time eye focus, anamorphic de-squeeze, frame guides, grids, and more. Its high-brightness 2200 cd/m² LCD and support for DCI/UHD 4K video ensure clear visibility and exceptional image quality, even in bright daylight conditions. Moreover, the inclusion of an integrated Sony L-Series battery plate and the option to power your camera via a separate dummy battery through the DC output offer flexibility in powering the monitor and camera, ensuring uninterrupted shooting sessions.
- 5.5″ HDMI Touchscreen: The monitor features a 5.5″ touchscreen with a resolution of 1920 x 1080 for clear and responsive control.
- Sony Camera Control: It provides control options for Sony FS5, FS7, FX6, and FX9 cameras, enhancing the functionality of your camera setup.
- Up to DCI 4K24 Video Input Support: This monitor supports video input up to DCI 4K24, ensuring it can handle high-resolution content.
- High Brightness: With a remarkable 2200 cd/m² brightness and HDR preview, it remains visible in bright daylight conditions, maintaining a clear view of your content.
- Tilta Motor Control: It provides wired control for Tilta Nucleus-N/M lens motors, giving you precise control over your lens adjustments.
- HDMI Input & Output: The monitor offers HDMI input and output, expanding connectivity options for your camera setup. It also includes a headphone jack for audio monitoring.
- Integrated Bluetooth Module: The built-in Bluetooth module allows control over essential camera functions such as record, shutter, focus, and more. It streamlines the process of adjusting camera settings while shooting.
- L-Series Battery Plate: The monitor can be powered using the built-in L-Series battery plate or used to power your camera by connecting a separately available dummy battery via the DC output. This flexibility ensures uninterrupted usage.
- The 2200 cd/m² brightness and HDR preview make it easy to view your content in bright daylight conditions.
- The monitor allows for extensive camera control functions via the integrated Bluetooth module, simplifying your shooting process.
- With Tilta motor control, you can achieve precise control over lens adjustments for professional results.
- The monitor offers a wide range of display functions, including 3D LUT support, making it a valuable tool for monitoring and achieving your desired look.
- The Sony L-Series battery plate and DC output options provide flexibility in powering the monitor and your camera.
- This monitor is primarily designed for Sony cameras, limiting its compatibility with other camera brands.
- It may be considered a high-end option, and budget-conscious users might find it relatively expensive compared to basic monitors.
Blackmagic Design Video Assist 5″ HDMI/HDR Recording Monitor
The Blackmagic Design Video Assist is a versatile 5″ 12G-SDI/HDMI HDR recording monitor, perfect for camera setups. Its high-brightness 5″ touchscreen display ensures clear framing and focusing, compatible with a wide range of cameras. This monitor records HDR video in resolutions like DCI 4K and UHD 4K in 10-bit 4:2:2 quality and offers Blackmagic Raw recording for select cameras.
Recording is simple with a high-speed UHS-II SD slot for memory cards or USB 3.1 Gen 1 Type-C port for external drives. The monitor supports standard recording formats and features USB webcam output for streaming. It offers multiple input and output options, including 12G-SDI and HDMI 1.4, making it suitable for various cameras. Plus, it allows loop-through outputs for larger screens and has a 3.5mm stereo jack for audio monitoring.
A noteworthy feature is the introduction of USB webcam output in firmware version 3.3, allowing the Video Assist to send a full 1080p signal to your computer over USB using a streaming-friendly format. This makes it an ideal choice for remote shooting and live streaming setups.
- High-Resolution Touchscreen Display: The 5″ touchscreen display offers a resolution of 1920 x 1080, ensuring clear and responsive control.
- Wide HDR Video Support: It can monitor and record DCI 4K, UHD 4K, 2K, and HD resolutions in 10-bit 4:2:2 quality, providing support for HDR content.
- 12G-SDI and HDMI Connections: The monitor offers versatile input and output options, including 12G-SDI and HDMI 1.4 connections.
- Multiple Recording Formats: Record in industry-standard formats such as Apple ProRes (HQ, 422, LT, Proxy) and Avid DNxHD and DNxHR codecs for seamless post-production.
- Blackmagic Raw Compatibility: The Video Assist supports Blackmagic Raw recording for select cameras, enhancing your creative options.
- 3D LUT Support: It supports 3D LUTs, providing advanced color grading capabilities for precise image control.
- Dual Power Options: The Video Assist can be powered using the included universal power supply (12 VDC input) or two Sony L-series type batteries, offering flexibility for shooting in various conditions.
- Imaging Tools: The monitor includes essential imaging tools such as histograms, waveforms, and vectorscopes for accurate monitoring.
- The 5″ display with 2500 cd/m² brightness ensures visibility even in bright outdoor conditions.
- With support for multiple recording formats, including ProRes and DNxHD, it allows for flexible post-production workflows.
- Compatible with a wide range of professional and consumer cameras, making it a versatile tool for videographers.
- The ability to work with 3D LUTs provides advanced color grading capabilities for achieving the desired look.
- The inclusion of USB webcam output in firmware version 3.3 makes it ideal for remote shooting and live streaming setups.
- Some users may find the 5″ display size limiting for precise focus and framing in certain scenarios.
- Managing cables when multiple accessories are attached can be challenging, especially for users seeking a streamlined setup.
ANDYCINE A6 Plus 4K HDMI Monitor
Product Page: https://www.andycine.com/A6-PLUS-p2026481.html
The ANDYCINE A6 Plus 5.5″ 4K HDMI In/Out Touchscreen Monitor is a compact powerhouse, offering an array of features for on-camera monitoring. This versatile tool is equipped with a responsive 5.5″ touchscreen with a vivid 1920 x 1080 resolution, making it a valuable asset for videographers and content creators.
Its support for up to DCI 4K video and multiple HD and SD formats via a single full-size HDMI input, along with an HDMI loop-through output, ensures it’s compatible with a wide range of camera setups. The monitor’s 500 cd/m² brightness and 1000:1 contrast ratio make it exceptionally visible in various lighting conditions. Notably, the A6 Plus allows you to import 3D LUTs via an SD card, enabling precise color grading and creative control over your footage. It also boasts an 8 VDC barrel output, which can power select cameras using a separately available DC coupler, providing a seamless solution for extended shoots.
With three 1/4″-20 threads and an included tilt arm featuring a cold shoe, the A6 Plus offers versatile mounting options for accessories like microphones or lights. The package also includes a sunshade and micro-HDMI cable, enhancing its usability and value for on-the-go shooting.
- High-Resolution Touchscreen: The A6 Plus boasts a 5.5″ touchscreen with a 1920 x 1080 resolution, ensuring sharp and detailed visuals.
- 3D LUT Import: You can import 3D LUTs via an SD card, providing advanced color grading capabilities to achieve the desired look.
- Support for up to DCI 4K Video: The monitor accommodates up to DCI 4K video and supports various HD and SD formats, offering versatility in compatibility.
- High Brightness and Contrast: With a brightness of 500 cd/m² and a contrast ratio of 1000:1, the monitor delivers clear and vibrant images, even in challenging lighting conditions.
- Battery Plate Options: The monitor features a dual battery plate for Sony L-series or Canon LP-E6 type batteries, ensuring extended usage without frequent battery changes.
- 8 VDC Output: An 8 VDC barrel output can power select cameras using a separately available DC coupler, streamlining your setup and enabling longer shoots.
- Calibrated for Rec. 709 HD Color: The monitor is calibrated for Rec. 709 HD color, ensuring accurate color representation.
- Wide Viewing Angle: The monitor provides a wide 170° viewing angle, making it convenient for multiple viewing positions.
- The high-resolution touchscreen offers precise control and clear visual feedback.
- Importing 3D LUTs enhances color grading and creative control.
- Support for up to DCI 4K video and various formats makes it compatible with a wide range of camera setups.
- The dual battery plate allows for extended usage without frequent battery changes.
- The monitor’s features, including 3D LUT import, offer creative freedom for filmmakers and videographers.
- Some users may find cable management challenging, especially when multiple accessories are attached.
- The 5.5″ screen size, while portable, may not be ideal for users seeking larger monitoring options for precise focus and framing.
Desview R7II Camera Field Monitor
The Desview R72 7″ 4K HDMI Touchscreen Monitor offers professional-grade monitoring in a compact and lightweight package. With a sharp 7″ IPS LCD screen boasting a 1920 x 1200 resolution, an impressive 2600 cd/m² brightness, a high-contrast ratio of 1100:1, and responsive touchscreen controls, this monitor is a versatile tool for videographers.
The upgraded brightness ensures excellent visibility even in bright sunlight, while a lock button prevents accidental settings changes, maintaining shot integrity. Its IPS LED panel offers a broad 178° L/R and U/D viewing angle, ensuring consistent color and contrast. With 90% DCI-P3 coverage, it delivers vibrant and precise color representation, and it supports HDMI input and output for video up to DCI and UHD 4K.
Powered by an integrated L-series battery plate or a DC adapter, it offers flexible power options. The USB port allows custom 3D LUT import for precise color grading. Two 1/4″-20 threads provide versatile mounting, and a cold shoe adapter allows direct camera attachment. A 3.5mm headphone jack enables audio monitoring, enhancing the overall shooting experience.
- High-Resolution Touchscreen Display: The R72 boasts a 7″ touchscreen panel with a resolution of 1920 x 1200 and a 16:10 aspect ratio. The touchscreen offers intuitive control and supports gestures such as pinch-to-zoom for precise image examination.
- Impressive Brightness: With a remarkable brightness of 2600 cd/m², this monitor ensures a clear and visible display, even in bright exterior conditions.
- Wide Viewing Angle: The IPS panel offers a viewing angle of 178° L/R, U/D, providing excellent color and contrast accuracy, even with off-center viewing.
- DCI and UHD 4K Support: The monitor accommodates video input up to DCI 4K24 and supports pass-through output, making it suitable for high-resolution shooting.
- Flexible Power Options: You can power the R72 using the integrated L-series battery plate or an available DC adapter, offering adaptability for various shooting scenarios.
- Custom 3D LUTs: The USB port allows you to import custom 3D LUTs for precise color grading and achieving your desired look.
- Mounting Versatility: Two 1/4″-20 threads (side and bottom) provide flexibility in mounting, and the included cold shoe adapter allows direct attachment to your camera.
- Audio Monitoring: The 3.5mm headphone jack allows for audio monitoring, ensuring that you can closely follow the audio in your recordings.
- The monitor’s exceptional brightness enables clear viewing even in bright outdoor conditions.
- The responsive touchscreen and gesture support enhance user interaction and provide precise control.
- The wide viewing angle ensures accurate color representation even from off-axis perspectives.
- The ability to import custom 3D LUTs allows for advanced color grading and achieving specific visual styles.
- The reliance on L-series batteries may be a limitation for those seeking alternative power sources or extended usage without frequent battery changes.
Comparison of the Best HDMI Camera Monitors
|Feature||Atomos Ninja V||Atomos PORTKEYS LH5P II||Desview R72||ANDYCINE A6 Plus||Blackmagic Video Assist|
|Resolution||1920 x 1080||1920 x 1080||1920 x 1200||1920 x 1080||1920 x 1080|
|3D LUT Support||Yes||No||No||Yes||Yes|
|Battery Options||L-Series||L-Series||L-Series||Sony L-Series||L-Series|
|Recording Capabilities||ProRes, Raw||–||–||–||ProRes, DNxHD, Raw|
The Atomos Ninja V is a top choice for those looking for a high-quality, feature-rich HDMI camera monitor. It offers 5″ of screen real estate, a brightness of 1000 cd/m², 10-bit screen, ProRes and Raw recording capabilities, and a broad range of camera compatibility. However, it’s on the higher end of the price range at approximately $399.
The Desview R72 is a cost-effective choice. It provides a 7″ display with a high 2600 cd/m² brightness, HDMI input and output, and support for up to DCI 4K video.
The ANDYCINE A6 Plus offers an excellent balance between features and affordability. With a 5.5″ touchscreen, 3D LUT support, DCI 4K recording, and compatibility with Sony L-series batteries, it provides great value for around $169. Additionally, it supports USB recording and webcam output, making it suitable for various applications.
Ultimately, the best choice depends on your specific needs and budget. The Atomos Ninja V is ideal for professionals seeking top-tier performance, while the ANDYCINE A6 Plus offers great value for a wide range of users. If you’re looking for a budget-friendly option with a larger screen, the Desview R72 is a good pick.
In conclusion, we’ve explored five top HDMI camera monitors, each with its unique features and capabilities. Here’s a recap of the key points from our article:
The choice of the best HDMI camera monitor ultimately depends on your specific needs and budget. If you’re a professional seeking top-tier performance and have the budget for it, the Atomos Ninja V is a clear winner. For those seeking value without compromising on features, the ANDYCINE A6 Plus strikes an excellent balance. If you’re on a tight budget, the Desview R72 is a cost-effective option with a larger screen.
We invite you to share your feedback, questions, or personal experiences with HDMI camera monitors in the comments section. Your insights and inquiries can contribute to the discussion and help others make informed choices based on real-world experiences.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is a HDMI camera?
A HDMI camera, or a digital camera or camcorder with HDMI connectivity, is a device that allows you to output still images and videos to a television or monitor using a High-Definition Multimedia Interface (HDMI) connection. This enables you to display your camera’s content on a larger screen for playback or monitoring purposes.
Can you use a monitor for cameras?
To connect a surveillance camera to a computer monitor, you will need a video capture card or a digital video recorder (DVR) that can connect to your monitor. The video capture card or DVR converts the analog signal from the camera into a digital signal that can be displayed on the monitor, making it suitable for monitoring and recording camera feeds.
Why is HDMI used?
HDMI is used because it maintains a digital signal, ensuring high-quality transmission. It allows precise placement of edges on the screen, providing a clear and crisp display. HDMI also supports high-definition content protection (HDCP), which is essential for many high-definition downloads and Blu-ray discs, ensuring secure content transmission.
What is a camera monitor called?
A camera monitor, also known as an external monitor, is a device that attaches externally to a digital camera to assist with photography and cinematography. Camera monitors typically feature larger displays than built-in camera screens and offer better brightness and color reproduction, enhancing the monitoring and recording experience.
What is the best video monitor for the R5?
For the Canon R5 and R6 cameras, attaching the Atomos Ninja V is highly recommended. While the Ninja V comes at a higher price point, it offers significant advantages over a standard video monitor. It provides additional exposure tools like waveform and vectorscope, enhancing the video recording experience.
What is the best external monitor for Blackmagic Pocket Cinema Camera?
The choice of the best external monitor for your Blackmagic Pocket Cinema Camera depends on your specific needs. If you require a larger screen and advanced features, the Atomos Shogun is a great choice. If you prefer something more compact and portable, the SmallHD 502 5″ monitor is a suitable option that can easily fit in your pocket.
How do I choose a photography monitor?
When selecting a monitor for photo editing, consider factors such as peak color accuracy, color space, color model, low Delta E value, color calibration capabilities, gamma adjustment, and screen size. Additionally, features like panel technology, resolution, and design play a crucial role in choosing the best monitor for your photography needs.
Can Blackmagic Pocket 4K take pictures?
Yes, in addition to shooting video, the Blackmagic Pocket Cinema Camera can capture high-resolution still images. By pressing the dedicated stills button, you can record 21.2-megapixel images on the 6K models or 8-megapixel images on the 4K model, making it a versatile device for both video and photography enthusiasts.
What are the benefits of using an HDMI camera monitor?
Using an HDMI camera monitor offers several advantages, including improved monitoring of your camera’s output, better color accuracy, exposure control, focus assistance, and the ability to view your content on a larger, high-resolution screen. It’s a valuable tool for photographers and videographers.
Do HDMI camera monitors work with all camera models?
The compatibility of HDMI camera monitors varies. While many monitors are designed to work with a wide range of camera models, it’s essential to check the specific compatibility of a monitor with your camera before making a purchase. Some monitors offer more extensive compatibility than others.
Can HDMI camera monitors record video or images?
Some HDMI camera monitors, like the Atomos Ninja V and Blackmagic Video Assist, have recording capabilities, allowing you to capture video content directly from your camera’s output. This is particularly useful for professional videographers who need high-quality recordings.
How do I calibrate an HDMI camera monitor for accurate color representation?
Calibrating an HDMI camera monitor is essential to ensure accurate color representation. Many monitors offer color calibration options, and using calibration tools, such as colorimeters, can help you achieve precise and consistent color accuracy.
What are the key features to look for when choosing an HDMI camera monitor?
When selecting an HDMI camera monitor, consider factors like screen size, resolution, brightness, touchscreen functionality, color accuracy, compatibility with your camera model, and any additional features such as recording capabilities, LUT support, and exposure tools. The right combination of features will depend on your specific needs as a photographer or videographer.